Twenty Questions

I am posting the following questions as an attempt to clarify various issues regarding justification and sanctification. I will be posting my answers to these questions in an effort to provoke discussion of these issues. I think the answers should be fairly straightforward, but if you disagree with me, let’s discuss it.

True or False?

1. God’s work in us, as an application of Christ’s work, is as important in forming the basis of the believer’s justification as is Christ’s objective work of redemption.

2. The believer’s performance in the process of sanctification has no effect on his standing in justification.

3. The basis of justification before God is the believer’s faith.

4. In justification, God makes believers righteous in their moral character.

5. Through the righteousness of Christ infused to believers we are able to attain justification.

6. Justification is through faith in Christ alone but sanctification is the work of the believer.

7. Justification is based on faith in Christ and the faithfulness of believers to Christ.

8. Even thought God has declared believers righteous in his sight, they must wait until the final judgment to see if they have been sufficiently faithful to the commands of Christ to be finally declared righteous in his sight.

9. If we teach that Jesus has fulfilled all the conditions of the covenant so that no conditions remain for the believer, believers will continue in sin and dishonor God’s name.

10. Because of the believer’s union with Christ, it is impossible for them to continue to practice sin since they died to the reign of sin when his death was applied to them.

11. Sanctification, like justification is a work of God’s free grace.

12. It is not necessary for believers to be obedient to the Scriptures since nothing can change their righteous standing before God.

13. In sanctification like justification, the believer has no involvement whatsoever.

14. When we say sinners must receive Christ as Lord, we mean sinner’s must change their lives before Jesus will receive them.

15. Ever true believer will persevere in faith and the obedience it produces as long as they live.

Multiple Choice

16. Justification is based on:

a. Faith in Christ

b. Faith in Christ and the faithfulness of believers

c. The obedience of Christ

d. The faithfulness of Christ and the faithfulness of believers to Christ’s commands.

e. The believer’s obedience to God’s commandments enabled by the grace of Christ that flows from his death.

17. Justification is:

a. God’s declaration that sinners are righteous in his sight, is based completely on the objective accomplishments of Christ.

b. a work in which God makes sinners righteous

c. a declaration that those who have faith have, through the enablement God has given them by virtue of Christ’s work, done enough to merit his approval.

18. Sanctification occurs because:

a. God has regenerated believers and this enables them to obey his commands apart from any additional prompting of his Spirit.

b. In union with Christ, believers have died with Christ to the reigning power of sin.

c. The indwelling Spirit works in believers to give them the desire and the ability to do what pleases God.

d. Out of gratitude and the sheer determination of his will, the believer obeys Christ’s commands.

e. The believer experiences a second work of grace in which he receives the Holy Spirit.

f. Two of the above. Which two?

19. Since God has declared believers righteousness in his sight, so that we can never be found guilty in his presence:

a. It doesn’t matter how much we sin

b. We can never displease him as our Father

c. We are motivated to live our lives for him who gave his life for us.

d. No sin we can commit can nullify his declaration.

e. Two of the above. Which two?

20. Sanctification is produced:

a. simply by the determination of the believer to obey the Ten Commandments.

b. by the indwelling Holy Spirit who, as a blessing of the New Covenant, inclines us toward obedience.

c. by realizing that if we are not faithful to the covenant, God will divorce us as his spouse.


6 Responses to “Twenty Questions”

  1. March 15, 2012 at 11:04 am

    If I think that the faith I place in Christ is somehow MY faith and not also a gift of God, given to His elect remnant people, for the glory of His Name, I might have issues with a couple of your answers. I fear that it can also be difficult for many believers today to understand how sanctification is also a gift of grace since we participate in that sanctification by living obedient lives. It is not difficult to understand that concept when we realize that it is God who works within us to desire and to do what pleases him. To me that is ‘grace driven’ sanctification.

    • March 15, 2012 at 2:06 pm

      Salvation from first to last is God’s work. We are passive in regeneration and only become active in faith and repentance once God has removed our stony heart. Likewise, sanctification does not begin with us and does not continue unless God continually feeds it by his Spirit. If he doesn’t drive it, it isn’t going to go.

      • March 15, 2012 at 5:07 pm

        If sanctification isn’t ‘grace’ driven but it’s somethng I ‘contribute’, I have reason to boast, do I not? I see the same principle in sanctification that Paul speaks of in Eph 2:8-9 and salvation. Sanctification is not the same as salvation, however the grace principle is the same in both, I think.

      • March 15, 2012 at 10:24 pm

        I agree. Even though believers are involved in the process and responsible for the results, sanctification is a work of God’s free grace from start to finish. And to him will be all the glory (see 1 Cor. 1:30-31).

  2. 5 Ariel D. Moya Sequeira
    March 16, 2012 at 7:03 pm

    In question 18c, “The indwelling Spirit works in believers to give them the desire and the ability to do what pleases him”. Does “him” refers to ourselves, the indwelling Spirit or God?

    • March 16, 2012 at 7:19 pm


      It is good to see you here. Yours is a good question. The answer is that in my question “him” refers to the Trinitarian God. I am going to change “him” to “God” in the question. Thanks for pointing out the ambiguity.

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